Thornton Roofing: Article About Types Of Asphalt Shingles
Asphalt shingles are a type of roof shingle first used in 1901 and have been used as wall shingles. Shingles can either be organic, which are made from paper or wood fiber, or fiberglass. Fiberglass shingles are also called composite shingles, and composite shingles are the most prevalent today and are likely to be installed by a Thornton roofing company. Standard asphalt shingles are rather thin, and there's usually a direct correlation between shingle gauge and warranty length.
Three tab asphalt shingles are a common type of basic asphalt shingle. The term three tab is sometimes used to refer to any asphalt shingle, but this is a misnomer. The term three tab refers to design configuration: three tabs that are used to interlock with the other shingles. There are alternatives to three tab, including jet lock, T lock and signature cut. Three tab is not necessarily a better connector, but many people prefer the look it provides. Additionally, when architectural shingles were invented, they only used three tabs, and that helped make the other connection types even less common.
Architectural shingles are essentially two basic asphalt shingles that have been laminated together, which is why they're often called laminated shingles.
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Most architectural shingles are twice as thick as standard shingles, and that makes them more durable. There are even thicker architectural shingles, and these are sometimes called dimensional shingles because the three dimensional design of these shingles can be used to create particular aesthetics. Note that the thickness of architectural shingles doesn't necessarily correlate to its warranty the way it does with standard shingles.
For a long time, asphalt shingles were only available in shades of black, but modern technology has allowed for infusing the asphalt with color. Now, shingles are available in practically any color, and even variegated shingles can be made by carefully mixing various color tones. In fact, by mixing tones to create shadows, manufacturers can make asphalt shingles that look like slate or even cedar shake.
Modern asphalt shingles are also available with a wide range of features. Some have metals like zinc and copper mixed in with the granules, which serve as a natural algaecide and combat algae, moss, mold, mildew and funguses. There are also solar reflecting shingles, which have a reflective surface, and that can help keep air conditioning costs down in hot climates. Shingles are available with various fire resistances as well, and flame spread rating is one factor that helped composite shingles become more prevalent than organic shingles.